User Tools

Site Tools



There is a nice tool rssh ( It can be used as a shell for users, and those users may copy files via scp, sftp, rsync, cvs and/or rdist, but does not allow to log in. Who is allowed to to what is configured in /etc/rssh.conf. Thats a fine thing! :-)

The software was last updated and is perfect now, or so the author states. However, the installation routines are not.

The first steps are simple:

  • on, follow the link to download the .src.rpm and save the file
  • as root you install the saved file (rpm -ivh /patch/to/rssh-2.3.2-1.src.rpm). After doing so, you have the files /usr/src/packages/SPECS/rssh.spec and /usr/src/packages/SOURCES/rssh-2.3.2.tar.gz (at least on an openSUSE installation; on other distros, /usr/src/packages may be called /usr/src/redhat or so…).

Flaw 1: sftp-server

The first weak point is the search for the sftp-server binary. Because it is searched in /usr/lib only, it is not found on 64 bit system that use /usr/lib64. I asked myself why configure does not search where this binary is configured, and noticed that my first idea worked for root only. So I extended the first version and then got the following patch:

--- ./configure 2008-11-23 17:17:59.000000000 +0100
+++ ../rssh-orig/configure      2006-01-07 03:24:58.000000000 +0100
@@ -4984,10 +4984,6 @@
-if test -z "$scp_path"; then
-  scp_path=`which scp`
 if test -n "$scp_path"; then
   echo "$as_me:$LINENO: result: $scp_path" >&5
 echo "${ECHO_T}$scp_path" >&6
@@ -5032,10 +5028,6 @@
-as_arch_helper=`uname -m`
-if test "a$as_arch_helper" = "ax86_64"; then
-  as_dummy="$as_dummy:/usr/lib64/openssh:/usr/lib64:/usr/lib64/ssh"
 for as_dir in $as_dummy
@@ -5054,12 +5046,6 @@
-if test -z "$sftp_path"; then
-    if test -r /etc/ssh/sshd_config; then
-        sftp_path=`grep sftp-server /etc/ssh/sshd_config | awk '{print $3}'`
-    fi
 if test -n "$sftp_path"; then
   echo "$as_me:$LINENO: result: $sftp_path" >&5
 echo "${ECHO_T}$sftp_path" >&6

This includes finding scp – the openSUSE Build System told me it could not find the scp binary, so I added three lines for that…

This code may be saved as configure.patch. You have to unpack the source archives now (for example: cd /usr/src/packages/SOURCES && tar -xzf rssh-2.3.2.tar.gz && cd rssh-2.3.2). This will bring you in the directory of the extracted sources.

You may want to enter cp configure configure.orig to save the original configure script. Afterwards, you can apply the patch with patch -p0 < /path/to/configure.patch – this should do the trick. Of course you can add those code lines after line 5048 manually, too :-).

After applying the patch, you have to rebuild the source RPM: cd .. && mv rssh-2.3.2.tar.gz rssh-2.3.2.tar.gz.orig && tar -cvzf rssh-2.3.2.tar.gz rssh-2.3.2 will create a safety copy of the sources and pack the modified sources in a .tar.gz file to be used for rpmbuild.

Flaw 2: rpmbuild and rssh_chroot_helper

So far, so good. But. When you try cd /usr/src/packages && rpmbuild -ba SPECS/rssh.spec, it still won't run through because of a chmod that tries to modify the already (but not yet) installed rssh_chroot_helper instead of the one that was just compiled.

As a workaround, sourceforge bug #1384981 tells to modify Since that does not help, I applied this manually to (line 731). You can do the same with line 19 of, it won't hurt, the line has the same content ;-)

So we have to re-proceed the source code unpacking an repacking from the first flaw: cd /usr/src/packages/SOURCES && tar -xzf rssh-2.3.2.tar.gz && cd rssh-2.3.2, use an editor for and look at line 731, it reads chmod u+s $(libexecdir)/rssh_chroot_helper and you change it to chmod u+s $(DESTDIR)$(libexecdir)/rssh_chroot_helper. Save the file now, quit the editor and repackage the sources (cd .. && rm -f rssh-2.3.2.tar.gz && tar -cvzf rssh-2.3.2.tar.gz rssh-2.3.2).


After going through all this, we can summarize the proceedings:

  • on, follow the link to download the .src.rpm and save the file
  • as root you install the saved file (rpm -ivh /patch/to/rssh-2.3.2-1.src.rpm). After doing so, you have the files /usr/src/packages/SPECS/rssh.spec and /usr/src/packages/SOURCES/rssh-2.3.2.tar.gz
  • unpack the source archive and change to the extraction directory (cd /usr/src/packages/SOURCES && tar -xzf rssh-2.3.2.tar.gz && cd rssh-2.3.2)
  • add the 14 lines in the configure script as described above
  • modify line 731 in (and line 19 of as described above
  • save the original sources and create a new sources archive (cd .. && mv rssh-2.3.2.tar.gz rssh-2.3.2.tar.gz.orig && tar -cvzf rssh-2.3.2.tar.gz rssh-2.3.2)
  • maybe you want to leave a footprint in the spec file by changing Release: 1 to Release: 1m (m for modified) in SPECS/rssh.spec, but of course this is not necessary ;-)
  • now start building the RPM: rpmbuild -ba SPECS/rssh.spec

When everything was successful, you can install the freshly created rpm with rpm -ivh RPMS/$(uname -m)/rssh*.rpm now :-)

comp/en/rsshrpm.txt · Last modified: 2008-12-02 0645 by werner

Except where otherwise noted, content on this wiki is licensed under the following license: Public Domain
Public Domain Donate Powered by PHP Valid HTML5 Valid CSS Driven by DokuWiki